北の留学工房

Academy of Modern English 英語学習と留学のためのコツをお知らせします

中国での海外留学生事情  

英国の大学の国際交流部より、最近の中国本土での留学事情について、中国教育部(the Ministry of Education (MOE) )の発行したレポートの抜粋が送られてきました。

ここ数年、中国からの留学生は、急増しています。英国においても、語学学校・大学・専門学校でも、留学生の出身国別の比率でも断トツとなっています。日本においても、同様の状況です。

それでは、中国本土への海外からの留学生は、どうなっているのでしょうか?レポートはこの点について、報告しています。

教育制度の充実を、急速にはかり、海外からの留学生は、急激に増えています。
日本でも、留学生の増加を図る計画が進んでいますが、中国の推進の度合いは、目を見張るものがあります。

レポートによると 昨年は 

190各国から、238,184人の留学生を受け入れています。昨年に比較して6.5%、14,685人の増加。

中国政府国費による海外留学生は、18,245人、昨年比 34.99%、4,729人の増加

私費留学生は、219,939人、昨年比 4.74%、9,956人の増加

留学生出身大陸別 アジア諸国 161,605人 67.84% ヨーロッパ 35,876人 15.06%、アメリカ 25,557人 10.73%
        アフリカ諸国 12,436人 5.22%、 オセアニア諸国 2.710人 1.14%。

出身国別  韓国 64,232人 アメリカ 18,650人 日本 15,409人 ベトナム 12,247人 タイ 11.379人
      ロシア 10,596人 インド 8,468人 インドネシア 7,926人 カザフスタン 6,497 
      パキスタン 5,738人 モンゴル 5,684人 フランス 5,422人 ドイツ 4,239人



関連リンク

中国教育部が発表「外国人留学生23万人突破、最多は韓国 
(SourseSearchina)
送られてきたレポートの原文です。

International education is an important component of education in China, and has been attached great importance by the Chinese government.

With the guidance of Scientific Outlook of Development and according to the arrangements of the central government, the Ministry of Education (MOE) develops the international education administration system with “scale expansion, structure optimization, quality assurance, management standardization” as a general policy. In 2009, the international student enrollments exceeded 230,000 for the first time.


In 2009, China received 238,184 international students from 190 countries and regions, distributing in 610 universities, R&D institutes and other higher education institutions (HEIs) from 31 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government in China (Taiwan Province, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macau Special Administrative Region excluded). The total number of international students, the number of country of origins, the number of hosting institutes, and the number of Chinese Government Scholarship students all reached an all-time high since the founding of the People’s Republic of China.


The number of international student in China increased by 6.57% to 238,184 in 2009 (an increase of 14,685 over the previous year). The number of Chinese Government Scholarship Students increased notably by 34.99% to 18,245 (an increase of 4,729 over the previous year). The number of self-sponsored students increased by 4.74% to 219,939(an increase of 9,956 over the previous year).

For breakdowns by continent, Asian students comprise the largest group of international students studying in China (161,605, comprising 67.84% of the total), followed by Europeans (35,876, comprising 15.06% of the total), Americans (25,557, comprising 10.73% of the total), Africans (12,436, comprising 5.22% of the total), and Oceanians (2,710, comprising 1.14% of the total).


For breakdowns by country of origin, the top ten sending countries are Republic of Korea (64,232), the United States (18,650), Japan (15,409), Vietnam (12,247), Thailand (11,379), Russia (10,596), India (8,468), Indonesia (7,926), Kazakhstan (6,497) and Pakistan (5,738). The countries sending more than 4,000 international students also include Mongolia (5,684), France (5,422) and Germany (4,239).


For breakdowns by type of student, the number of academic degree students is 93,450 (including undergraduates 74,472, master degree students 14,227, doctoral degree students 4,751), comprising 39.23% of the total (up 16.81% over the previous year), and increasing more rapidly than the total enrollments. Other types of international students increased to 144,734, comprising 60.77% of the total.

Since the founding of the People’s Republic of China in 1949, the total number of international students has accumulated to 1,690,000. In the section of System Reform of the National Outline for Medium and Long-term Education Reform and Development (exposure draft) promulgated on February 28, 2010, it is stated that “Further expand the scale of international students.

Increase Chinese Government Scholarships, subsidize more international students from developing countries, and optimize the structure of international students.

Carry out Foundation Program for international students, enrich programs taught in foreign languages in HEIs, and enhance the quality of international education”.

In the section of Guarantee Measures, it is stated that “Implement the planning of Study Abroad in China, and expand the scale of international students”. After the Planning of Study Abroad in China is launched, the central and regional government and HEIs will promote the development of international education with a more active and open attitude, and lay more emphasis on stadardized management and quality education, aiming at 500,000 international student enrollments in 2020, and building China into Asia’s top destination country for international students.
Editor: Zhang JueYing

Source: Ministry of education - CHINA



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